Polycystic ovary syndrome
It is a common hormonal disorder of the modern woman, as it is estimated that about one in fifteen women exhibits some of the symptoms.
– Areomenorrhea. Unstable cycle, greater than 35 days and up to 6 months
– Intense hair growth
– Oily skin
– Weight problems
– Androgenetic alopecia
After the symptoms are recognized, the diagnosis is made after hormone tests and genital ultrasound is performed. Weight and blood pressure control are also essential.
The treatment and administration strategy depends on the particular problems that each woman faces. For women, who have severe abnormalities of their menstrual cycle (up to only 4 periods per year), birth control pills regulate the cycle and protect against endometrial hyperplasia. If the period is delayed for more than 50 days, it is useful to administer progesterone for 5-10 days to induce the period. In addition, contraceptive pills reduce the symptoms of hyperandrogenemia (acne, oily skin and hair, hair growth). Furthermore, hyperandrogenemia can be improved with anti-androgenic agents, while in cases of infertility an ovulation treatment with or without metformin is recommended.
Some proven therapeutic and preventive strategies that improve to a certain degree the metabolic syndrome of polycystic ovaries are:
– Weight loss
– Regular aerobic exercise
– Modifying eating habits to make them more insulin and sugar friendly