This is an examination of the intra-abdominal organs (organs of the abdomen) with the use of a thin camera, which is inserted through the navel with an incision of 1cm. The intra-abdominal organs that are fully examined by laparoscopy refer to both the female genital organs and other internal organs of the human body.
In gynecology, laparoscopy is used for diagnostic, as well as for therapeutic purposes in conditions such as endometriosis, ovarian cysts, infertility, adhesions, oviduct diseases (e.g. hydrosalpinx), fibroids, chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy etc.
General anesthesia is required, as well as 2 to 4 abdominal incisions, depending on whether it is a diagnostic or therapeutic examination. The scars created by the small incisions disappear within a short period of time, as the skin is stitched intradermally.
The advantages of laparoscopy compared to open surgery are:
- Minimum blood loss
- Minimum post-operative pain
- Short stay in hospital
- Rapid recovery and return to work
- Better aesthetic results
Robotic Surgery is essentially a laparoscopic surgery tool that allows the surgical operations to be performed via robotic arms, the movements of which are controlled by the surgeon remotely through a control console. It is the ideal method for cases of hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), removal of uterine fibroids, endometriosis and uterine prolapse.
Robotics is aimed at solving some of the weaknesses of laparoscopy, such as that of the ergonomics and the surgeon’s freedom of movement, who is no longer above the patient, but on the comfortable chair of the control console. Perhaps the only disadvantage of the method over the classics is the high cost, due to high technology, and the requirement of highly qualified staff.